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. Last Updated: 07/27/2016

Sevmash Starts Construction Of 2nd Advanced Submarine

Severodvinsk-based shipyard Sevmash said Friday that it began construction of a second, fourth-generation nuclear submarine, which will have several improvements on the prototype it began building in 1993.

The vessel, called the Kazan, is the second cruise-missile-carrying submarine in Project 885 Yasen, also known by the NATO code name Granay. The first one, Severodvinsk, was begun in late 1993 and is expected to be commissioned by the Navy in 2010 or 2011.

According to the official Navy Doctrine, the Yasen line should become Russia’s primary, multi-role nuclear submarines in the 21st century.

Anastasia Nikitinskaya, a spokeswoman for Sevmash, said in a statement that, compared to the Severodvinsk, the Kazan has upgraded radio-electronic combat systems. It will also be assembled from Russian parts and materials, “excluding suppliers from the former Soviet republics,” she added.

The submarine, 119 meters long and 13.5 meters wide, will carry a crew of 90 and be capable of diving up to 600 meters. Designed by the St. Petersburg-based Malakhit Design Bureau, it will be armed with 24 long-range cruise missiles, anti-ship missiles, mines and eight torpedo tubes.

Malakhit’s general director and chief designer, Vladimir Pyalov, said at a ceremony Friday that the first Project 885 submarine, Severodvinsk, would undergo sea tests in the summer of 2010 and would then be commissioned by the Northern Fleet, RIA-Novosti reported.

He said all the submarine’s weapon systems, including cruise missiles, were successfully tested. The main novelties include a longer firing range and the ability to destroy land-based targets, in addition to naval ones, Pyalov said.