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. Last Updated: 07/27/2016

Hundreds Mourn the Victims on Flight 93

SHANKSVILLE, Pennsylvania -- Hundreds of mourners bowed their heads on a wind-swept field Monday as bells tolled in memory of the 40 passengers and crew members killed when hijacked United Airlines Flight 93 crashed there five years earlier.

"We stand here today with pride because of heroism," said Hamilton Peterson, whose father and stepmother died when the plane went down.

Flight 93 was en route to San Francisco from Newark, New Jersey, when the hijackers took over, apparently planning to crash the plane into the White House or the Capitol building. Conversations from the plane's final minutes indicated the passengers had some idea of what was happening to them and, on the words "Let's roll," stormed the cockpit in an effort to wrest control away from the hijackers shortly before the crash.

Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell and former Homeland Security Chief Tom Ridge joined the victims' relatives and other mourners at the site Monday. U.S. President George W. Bush and his wife planned to meet privately with the families at the crash site later in the day.

A 3-meter-tall chain-link fence stands near the site as a temporary memorial, festooned with U.S. flags, firefighters' helmets and drawings by children.

"It just shows people don't forget," said Larry Antonio of Gilbertsville, Pennsylvania, who came to the site with his wife Barbara to observe the anniversary of the terrorist attacks.

The first rescue crews to arrive at the western Pennsylvania field five years earlier found only a smoking crater, singed trees and silence.

"My first thought was, where's the plane crash?" said state police Lieutenant Patrick Madigan. "All there was was a hole in the ground and a smoking debris pile."

Since the crash, a group of volunteers known now as the Flight 93 Ambassadors point visitors to the crash site and describe what happened aboard the plane on Sept. 11, 2001.

Some months, they guide more than 25,000 visitors.

Organizers hope to raise $30 million in private funding to build a permanent memorial on a 688-hectare site in Shanksville; the total cost is estimated to be $58 million.

The U.S. Congress has passed the Flight 93 Memorial Act, which establishes a new national park to honor the victims of the hijacked plane.

At the ceremony, Rendell announced that the state would be signing a commitment letter to give $10 million to the memorial effort, and that it had acquired 120 hectares around the crash site that would be managed as a public wildlife area.

"This action will forever preserve the entrance to the memorial in an undeveloped and natural setting," Rendell said.

On that terrible day in 2001, it did not take first responders long to realize there would be no survivors. Combing the site, all they could find at first were small pieces of aircraft and bits of a United Airlines in-flight magazine.

"It was a pretty scary time," says a former assistant fire chief, Rick King, whose truck was the first to arrive. "I just remember driving down the road, wondering what we were about to see."

Searchers recovered only about 8 percent of the potential human remains but were able to identify everyone from the fragments they did find, said Somerset County Coroner Wallace Miller.

"Most of the material was vaporized," he said.