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. Last Updated: 07/27/2016

Watchdog Clears Baikal Route

MTEnvironmentalists say Baikal will be harmed by the proposed pipeline route.
Russia's environmental watchdog said Monday that it had approved a controversial pipeline that will take oil to Asian markets, but green groups say the pipeline could severely damage Lake Baikal, the world's deepest lake.

The Eastern Siberia-Pacific Ocean pipeline has the full backing of President Vladimir Putin and would allow the world's No. 2 oil exporter to diversify its massive shipments away from Europe's slow-growing markets.

Scientists, whose opposition to the plan was overruled, promised to appeal the decision of the Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Atomic Inspection, but analysts said since the last obstacle had been removed, pipeline monopoly Transneft would rush to complete it.

The pipeline will cost $11 billion and will pump as much as 1.6 million barrels per day to China and the Pacific coast.

The expert commission gathered by the federal watchdog had previously rejected the plan, but approved it after watchdog head Konstantin Pulikovsky brought in new scientists and gave the commission more time for consideration.

"Yes, Pulikovsky has signed a positive assessment. He signed it on March 3," said Alexander Afonin, a spokesman for the federal service.

Lake Baikal is located in an earthquake-prone zone, and many experts say that makes the pipeline vulnerable to rupture.

Opponents said their fight against the plan was not over, and accused Pulikovsky and Transneft boss Semyon Vainshtok of forcing their colleagues to change their assessment and overturn the expert commission's rejection of the plan.

Gennady Chegasov, an academic and member of the investigating commission, said the pressure on members and the fiddling with the group's composition would have been unusual even in Soviet times."The unprecedented amount of boorishness and pressure would not be possible without the government's support," he said.

"We will appeal the result of the investigation in court. ... I am prepared to appear as an expert and as a witness of the violations that took place," he told reporters.

But analysts said the political support behind the plan made it unstoppable, especially since Putin has urged speed -- going so far as saying opponents of the plan were saboteurs in the pay of foreign governments. "He declared that it was a priority project for Russia's social and economic development, adding that the environmental investigation should not hinder the country's economic growth," said Deutsche UFG investment bank in a note.

Environmental groups admitted the state machinery would be against them, and said they would try to organize protests in defense of the lake, which is the world's deepest, contains 20 percent of the earth's unfrozen fresh water and is a UNESCO world heritage site.

"We understand that in the Russian legal system it will be hard to fight a state company that has support from the presidential administration," said Roman Vazhenkov, head of Greenpeace's Baikal program.

"The laying of the pipe is a rushed decision because of which we could lose what nature has been collecting for millions of years," said Svetlana Golubeva, president of environmental consultancy IFC/EKO. "A magnitude 12 earthquake strikes there [in Lake Baikal area] every 30 years, a magnitude 8 earthquake strikes there regularly," she said.

Greenpeace has appealed to Western banks to refuse to finance the project. Russian media have reported the company will need $2 billion in loans for the project this year alone.

(Reuters, MT)