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Press Review

IZVESTIA (17/10/2005)

Who were behind the terrorist act in Nalchik and what aims did attackers pursue? The story tries to answer these questions after a visit with the family of one of the attackers. (1, 3, Kommersant, 5, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 1, 5, Vremya Novostei, 1, 2, Gazeta, 25 Noviye Izvestia, 1, 7, Novaya Gazeta, No. 77, pp. 1-5, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 1, 3, 9, Zhizn, 2, 3, Komsomolskaya Pravda, 2, MK, 1, 3)

The story examines exclusive materials concerning the assassination attempt on Unified Energy Systems head Anatoly Chubais near the Zhavoronki settlement on March 17. The focus is on several suspects, revealing the essence of the Vladimir Kvachkov case. (1, 8, 6)

Ingushetia' s Supreme Court in a couple of days will begin to consider a case of rebels from the so-called reserve group of the Beslan terrorist act. On the dock are four residents (their names are given) from Chechnya' s Achkoi- Martan District. According to the official investigation, they together another seven rebels in case of a failure to seize the school in Beslan had to seize a school in Ingushetia. The story details their case. (1, 4)

Relatives of the children, who were killed in an air crash in Germany, sent a letter to the Swiss president on Saturday in connection with an upcoming court trial (scheduled for Oct. 25) of 49-year old Vitaly Kaloyev. He is accused of killing 36-year-old air-controller Peter Nilsen, due to whose mistake American Boeing 757 and Tu 154 with children from Bashkiria on board collided above Lake Boden on July 2002. The story reveals the content of the letter. (2)

Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov watched the Russian-Indian anti-terrorist exercises " Indra-2005" on Sunday when an Indian mortar landed several meters from him. The story details the incident, focusing on Ivanov' s statements at a news conference on that day. (2, Kommersant, 11, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 2, Gazeta, 4, Noviye Izvestia, 6, Vremya Novostei, 1, Zhizn, 2, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 1, 2, MK, 2)

An unidentified assailant in the Moscow region on Sunday shot and killed former owner of Sodbiznesbank and Kredittrans bank Alexander Slesarev, his wife and a 15-year-old daughter. The story gives details. (2, Kommersant, 1, 6, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 2, Noviye Izvestia, 6, Vremya Novostei, 4, Gazeta, 8, 9)

The United Russia youth regional wing in St. Petersburg on Oct. 8 and 9 held a secret meeting to create an organization called Young Guards (Molodaya Gvardiya) . Its leader is television host Ivan Demidov. The story describes the meeting, its participants and decisions. (1, 2)

What categories of Russians are willing today to vote for Vladimir Putin? The story gives results of a recent opinion poll taken by the Public Opinion Fund. A graph. (2, 6)

The story comments on results of US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice' s visit to Moscow on Friday, focusing on her negotiations with President Putin and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. (2, Kommersant, 9, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 1, 3, Vremya Novostei, 1, 6, Gazeta, 1, 2, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 1, 6, Komsomolskaya Pravda, 2, MK, 2)

Oct. 16, the Day of the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Bendery Army (UPA) , ended in a clash between Kiev Communists and Socialists on the one hand and Benderyvites on the other hand. The story describes the clash, focusing on reasons behind it. (4, Kommersant, 11, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 1, 3)

Presidential envoy to the Southern Federal Distrct Dmitry Kozak has made another attempt to settle down the Ossetian-Ingush conflict. On Oct. 14 in Vladikavkaz he met with North Ossetia' s head Taimuraz Mamsurov and Ingushetia' s President Murat Zyazikov. The story describes the meeting, focusing on its results. (4)

Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Manifesto that was issued by tsar Nicholas II. The Manifesto launched a process of the transformation of the state system in Russia and the development of the absolute monarchy into the constitutional one. Marat Baglai, ex-Chairman of the Constitutional Court, describes the process. (6, 7, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 5, Noviye Izvestia, 1, 2)

The enlarged collegium of the Health Ministry on Friday presided over by Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov discussed concrete measures aimed at putting into effect the national project announced by President Putin. The story examines several concrete measures. (9, Kommersant, 7, Gazeta, 6, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 1, 2)

The State Duma on Friday passed (in the second reading) the draft budget-2006. Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin received gratitude for the budget from Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov, which did not make Kudrin change his stand on the issue concerning lowering VAT. In his opinion, taxes are not lowered under condition of war on world terrorism. (9, Vremya Novostei, 3, Gazeta, 2)

Finance Ministry officials, following the president' s instruction, have found a method aimed at drawing together the prices of Western Brent oil and Russian Urals oil. Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin reported on Saturday that the New York and Budapest stock exchanges will soon determine the quotations of Urals oil. What does it mean? (1, 9)

Russians believe that domestic foods are much better than the imported ones and try to buy only them. They, however, do not pay attention to the fact that practically all Russian foods consist of foreign ingredients. This is evidenced from results of a recent opinion poll taken by VTSIOM. The story examines its results. Two tables. (10)

The Central Bank in January-September 2005 retracted licenses for doing banking operations from 36 credit organizations, and their overall number decreased to 1263 from 1299. The story examines aims pursued by CB with its reforming the banking system. (10)

Kirill Ganin, notoriously known as an erotic artistic theatrical director, decided to run for a seat in the Moscow City Duma, and to make his name famous he has staged a porno play. The story describes it in detail. (12)

Moscow Property Department head Vladimir Silkin, when speaking at the Investment- construction exhibition in Munich on Saturday, confirmed that the Moscow gvt was willing to put up for sale 5 buildings of city movie-theaters. Brief. (12)

KOMMERSANT (17/10/2005)

Alisher Usmanov and Vasily Anisimov, co-owners of the Metalloinvest holding, are uniting with Ukrainian Smart-Group and possibly with Severstal for struggling for Krivorozhstal, a leading metals combine in Ukraine. The story examines their chances. (1, 16)

Despite the fact that attacks and fighting in Nalchik ended on Friday, the situation in the republic has remained tense. Relatives of killed militants are demanding release of the bodies of their dear and near. The story describes the situation in Nalchik. (1, 5)

In an interview Kabardino-Balkaria' s President Arsen Kanokov describes the latest developments in his republic, sharing his own view on their reasons. (5)

President Putin in Novo-Ogaryovo on Saturday met with Thailand' s Prime Minister Taksin Chinavat (Sp. ?) . The story examines results of their negotiations, focusing on how Putin tried to increase the trade turnover between the two countries. (2)

The story describes a conflict in the Belgorod region on Sunday when the elections to the Regional Duma took place. The focus is on preliminary results. (3, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 2, Gazeta, 7)

The Penza branch of the Avangard of the Red Youth movement on Friday took the responsibility for throwing eggs and a packet with mayonnaise in the direction of President Putin during his visit to Penza on October 11. The story describes the incident. (3)

A visiting session of the Center for Social-Conservative Policy created by United Russia with the aim of working out party ideology took place in St. Petersburg on Saturday. The story describes the session and its decisions, saying that its participants decided to make state planning as the basis of " social conservatism" .(3, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 2 )

The story examines results of Sunday' s mayoral and City Duma elections in Nizhny Novgorod. (3, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 2)

The site of the Defense Ministry on Friday posted a figure for the ministry' s human losses in January-September 2005. Brief. (3)

Oligarch Roman Abramovich will remain with his Chukotka and its people Chukchi for another 5 years. On Saturday President Putin submitted to the Chukotka Duma a candidature of Abramovich to be confirmed as head of the region. The story examines what Abramovich as Chukotka governor has done for its people during his first term of office. (4)

The story describes reporters' fruitless attempts on Sunday to find a labour colony where convict Mikhail Khodorkovsky is to serve his prison sentence. (6)

The State Duma Security Committee has submitted to the S. D. a draft bill concerning the creation of people' s patrols to assist police in maintaining public order. This is the fifth attempt of deputies to revive the institution of people' s patrols that existed in the former USSR. The story examines the draft. (7)

AvtoVAZ has put up for sale its two Tolyatti dealers -- Krisma and Irena-- they have failed to clear off their banking credits on time. The story examines how AvtoVAZ regards them. (13)

VEDOMOSTI (17/10//2005)

The shareholders of the Volga-Dnepr company-- its management and Group Kaskol-- have created a precedent in corporate wars. In order to put an end to the conflict, they have received a consent from Volga-Dnepr' s long-standing creditor--the International Financial Corporation (IFC) -- to buy out from them 5. 6 percent of the company' s shares. How do experts regard it? (A1)

The Finam investment holding has obtained 90 percent of shares of Mamba Service. Resources close to the deal say that buyers have estimated Mamba at $20 million. (A1)

The story describes how the Federal Service for Financial Markets is trying to put an end to the discrimination of domestic investors and to draw quality assets to the stock market. (A1)

Russia pays back its debts but immediately borrow new ones. Russia pays them ahead of schedule, but borrows them through state-owned companies. The main trouble, however, is not that their number does not decrease but that their quality changes, and not for the better. (A1, A4)

Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin has backed the idea of Oleg Vyugin, head of the Federal Service for Financial Markets, to invest part of the money of the Stabilization Fund in the accumulative pension fund. (A3)

One in every two Russians is underfed from time to time. Ural residents often suffer from lack of money on food, and residents in the North-Western region do not experience this trouble at all. (A3)

Inflation in the USA in September grew up to 1. 2 percent, which is its most serious shot over the past 25 years. Economists say that high petrol prices up to the end of this year will make goods and services go up in price. Hiking inflation, however, will hardly affect the dollar rate. (A3 )

The paradoxical situation has shaped in Russia today when the president with his initiatives of national projects and the main opponent of the Kremlin Mikhail Khodorkovsky are being accused of rejecting liberal ideas and of a sharp turn to the left. Who are those supporting the left stand ? Boris Titov, Chairman of the Delovaya Rossiya public organization, tries to answer this question. (A4)

In an interview, Visa International President Christoffer Rodriges (Sp. ?) reveals what place Russia occupies in his company' s global business. (A5)

VEDOMOSTI. COMPANIES & MARKETS SUPPLEMENT

A long-awaited correction provoked by international speculators has already swallowed up from Russian shares over 15 percent and has risen by 1 percent of annual interest the profitableness of ruble bonds. But in the experts' opinion, the correction has ended already, and expensive oil and a huge amount of free rubles in the economy allow the Russian stock market to quickly resume a confident growth. (B1)

Unified Energy Systems (UES) has proposed its Board of Directors to cancel a moratorium on the sale of main assets, since it has found a worthy use of its future revenues. UES is willing to spend 25 percent of acquired means to buy out its shares, and the rest will spend on investments. The minority shareholders, however, are against such plans(B1)

LUKoil has bought 65 percent of shares of the Canadian Nelson Resources oil- extracting company. This was stated by LUKoil spokesman Gennady Krasovsky. Brief. (B1)

The New York and Budapest stock exchanges will determine the quotations of Urals oil. This was stated by Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin. Mechanisms are being prepared now to put this agreement into effect. Brief. (B1)

The state investment in the program of designing a family of regional planes RRJ by the Russian gvt in the next three years will amount to nine billion rubles. This was stated by Industry and Energy Minister Viktor Khristenko. Brief. (B1)

Having agreed to be controlled by Gazprom, Sibneft has revealed to investors all information about itself. Thus, it stated that next year for the first time over the latest 5 years it will decrease oil extraction. (B1 )

The deal to buy by the European EADS aircraft-building consortium a share of NPK Irkut is close to an end. On Friday NPK Board of Directors determined the price, at which Europeans up to the end of this year should buy out up to 10 percent of shares of Irkut (B2)

Financial problems make GM and Delphi economize on their own workers. Thus, GM has warned labour unions that if there is no agreement on cutting a $5. 6 billion pension fund in the next several days, GM unilaterally will make one-side decision. (B2)

Norwegian Statoil has decided to withdraw from the petrochemical business-- it has decided to sell its share in the Borealis concern for 1 billion euros. The story says why. (B3)

NEZAVISIMAYA GAZETA (17/10/2005)

The latest events in Nalchik has become a surprise for the public that for a long time had received wide- scale information about the normalization of relations in the North Caucasus. What is the reason behind a powerful outburst of terrorism in the region? Four authoritative politicians share their viewpoints. (1, 3)

The recent killing of the Peruvian student in Voronezh and the attacks on Nalchik may stir up the wave of nationalistic sentiments in the society and provoke a further growth of extremist incidents. Thus, the following day after the events in Nalchik a group of skinheads staged a pogrom in a Muslim mosque in the Moscow region. The story describes this incident, focusing on skinheads' herd instinct. (1, 7)

The United Russia leadership at its meeting over the weekend discussed methods to be used to win to the party' s side as many electors as possible in the regional elections of all levels and in the elections to the Moscow City Duma. The story examines several recommended methods. (2)

The world' s leading states and international organizations have censured militants' attacks on Nalchik. Meanwhile, the world press is in no hurry to express its solidarity with Russian authorities The events in Kabardino-Balkaria have been covered on front pages by many influential newspapers and magazines. Western journalists, however, believe that Moscow has failed to control the situation in the Caucasus. This is evidenced from publications by 5 leading newspapers in the USA and Europe. (3)

The Russian side decided not to take part in a two-day session of the Russian- Georgian Intergovernmental Commission on Economic Cooperation scheduled for today Oct. 17, and a business-forum scheduled for Oct. 18 in Tbilisi will not take place either. The story explains why the Russian side has taken such a decision. (3)

The coverage of the Nalchik events on Oct. 13-14 has shown that federal authorities and the leadership of the majority of domestic television channels have drawn conclusions for themselves from the Beslan tragedy. The conclusion is the following -- " The situation from the very beginning had been controlled by Moscow. "The story comments on this conclusion. (3)

Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin at the current meeting of G20 finance ministers in China has made several statements concerning the present state of the Russian oil sector and the prospects of its future development. Kudrin in part forecast the level of oil extraction and oil export this year. The story examines the figures given by the minister. (4)

The decision is to cancel licensing in the construction industry, starting 2007. What will replace it and how will similar changes affect the level of safety of the structures being built today? In an interview Alexander Tolkachev, head of the Federal Licensing Center of Rosstroi, answers these and other questions about licensing in the sphere of construction. (5)

US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice (called " Black Panther" ) at the negotiations with President Putin in Moscow on Friday promised him not to build new American bases in Central Asia. The story comments on results of their negotiations. (6)

It' s illegal that neither the parents, nor the wife of convict Mikhail Khodorkovsky can find out where their son and husband will serve his sentence. Mikhail Khodorkovsky' s father has been advised to apply to official federal authorities with a request to give him exact information. The story comments on the situation. (7)

ROSSIISKAYA GAZETA (17/10/2005)

Mayor Yury Luzhkov has signed Decree No. 767-PP aimed at making newly-built parking garages work by day and night shifts. The story comments on the document' s main provisions, saying that there is hope that this document will help remove autos from roads. (1, 4)

Only 60 percent of the rural population has stated its willingness to take part next year in the agricultural census. This was stated at a joint news conference together with governor Georgy Boos in Kaliningrad on Sunday by Vladimir Sokolin, head of the Federal State Statistics s Service. The story comments on his statement. (2)

Unidentified thieves in Moscow on Sunday stole three anchors belonging to famed sear-farer and painter Fyodor Konyukhov. The story gives details. (2)

A statue of Estonians, who during World War II fought on the side of Hitler, was unveiled in a village outside Tallinn. The story describes the statue, focusing on Moscow' s reaction. (3)

As many as 185 students in Moscow institutes and universities from former Soviet republics (most of them from the Baltic states) by early November will receive a $300 scholarship from Mayor Yury Luzhkov. The story comments on its aim. (4)

The State Duma in a couple of days will consider (in the second reading) the draft bill concerning advertising. The story examines its major provisions, focusing on the expediency of this document. (4)

The Press University today is celebrating its 75th birthday. In a short interview its Rector Alexander Tsygankov talks about his students. (4)

The magazine " Foreign Literature" publishing the best works of foreign literature in Russian has turned 50 today. In an interview its Editor-in-Chief Alexei Mikheyev talks about several novels published in its latest Issue No. 10. (5)

NOVIYE IZVESTIA (17/10/2005)

The story examines results of the recent campaign to replace social benefits with cash payments that the gvt considers to be successful. Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov late last week assessed the monetarization as the " basis for the national project in the sphere of health care" . Specialists, however, forecast that the " success" of such monetarization may lead to grave consequences. What are they? (1, 3)

Muscovites on Sunday staged a picket against popular humourist Yevgeny Petrosyan, demanding that his show should be taken off the air. The story describes the campaign against this highly-regarded actor. (1, 5, Komsomolskaya Pravda, 3)

In an interview (on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Russian parliamentarism) State Duma independent deputy Gennady Seleznyov, former State Duma Speaker, talks about how he envisions the S. D. in the next several years. (1, 2)