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Press Review

IZVESTIA (28/8/2004)

Terrorist acts aboard the airliners Tu-154 and Tu-134 on Aug. 24 were committed by Chechen suicide bombers (their names are given) . This was admitted at last by the Federal Security Service thanks to information openness ordered by the president. The story features one of the Chechen women suspected of committing a terrorist act. All central papers describes this major version. (1, 2, Kommersant, 1, 2, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 1, 2, Krasnaya Zvezda, 3, Gazeta, Aug. 27, p. p. 1, 3, Moskovskaya Pravda, 1, 2, Trud, 1, 2, Tverskaya, 13, p. 1, Zhizn, Aug. 27, pp. 1, 4, 5, MN, No. 32, pp. 2, 3, Komsomolskaya Pravda, 2, MK, 1, 3, Sovetskaya Rossiya, 1)

The story describes how, according to specialists, it' s possible to detect a potential terrorist in an airport. Seventy percent of domestic airports do not have special devices to detect explosives. Airports need $22. 5 million to obtain such devices. (1, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 1, 4, Komsomolskaya Pravda, 3)

The little-known Islamist group " The Brigades of Islambuli" (Sp. ?) has stated its involvement in the perish of both airliners --Tu-154 and Tu-134. The story describes this organization, saying how experts regard its statement. (2, Kommersant, 1, 2)

The Moscow Region Prosecutor' s Office has instituted criminal proceedings against the administration heads of the Krasnogorsk and Odintsovo districts -- Boris Rasskazov and Alexander Gladyshev, who are accused of illegal trade in land and forest territories in the Rublyovka elite settlement. The story describes the case, focusing on how President Putin learned about those machinations in the Moscow region. (1, 3, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 2, MK, 2)

Good news from the Olympic Games in Athens on Friday Aug. 27: medals, their winners and interviews. The Games will close today on Aug. 29. (1, 5, 6, Kommersant, 9, 11, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 6-8, Krasnaya Zvezda, 1, Gazeta, Aug. 27, pp. 1, 5, 6 Moskovskaya Pravda, 6, Trud, 1, 5, Komsomolskaya Pravda, 17-19, MK, 6) s

Shiite insurgents on Friday left the territory of the imam Ali shrine in Najaf and lay down arms at its sacred s walls. The shrine came under control of Iraqi police. The story features the latest developments there. (1, 2, Kommersant, 4, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 4, Trud, 4) , Sovetskaya Rossiya, 3)

Rebels in Iraq in the early hours on Friday executed Italian journalist Entso Baldoni (Sp. ?) ,who was captured a week ago outside Najaf. The story gives details. (2, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 4)

The draft federal budget-2005 that on Monday will be submitted to the State Duma will allow the Defense Ministry to buy several essential most advanced models of weapons for the need of the Armed Forces. Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov at his latest meeting with the president told him about one such model -- the operational-tactical nuclear complex " Iskander" , the tests of which have been completed. The story describes Iskander and its unique technical specifications. (3, Rossiiskaya Gazeta, 4, Krasnaya Zvezda, 1, 3)

Moscow on Friday notified Tbilisi that " in the situation of disorder at the wall of the Russian Embassy in Tbilisi, the holding of contacts and negotiations with the Georgian side -- be it on military issues or on the big (frame) treaty -- is impossible" . The story comments on this official statement by the Russian Foreign Ministry. (3, Kommersant, 4, Krasnaya Zvezda, 3, MK, 1, 4)

An unidentified assailant in the south-west of Moscow in the early hours on Friday killed thirty-eight-year-old Vasily Panov, Director of the Kolomensky food market-place. And on Friday morning, an unidentified killer fired at Sergei Melnikov, Director of the Trading House " Veshnyaki" . The story gives details. (4)

The story describes the continuing raging passions around the construction of Krasnopresnensky Prospekt. Residents of the Krylatsky District that before this construction was the ecologically cleanest district in the city are protesting against the project. (4)

In an interview popular Soviet writer Konstantin Simonov' s son Alexei, Chairman of the Glasnost Protection Fund, says that the then Kremlin Hospital, in which his father underwent medical treatment, killed him. Alexei also talks about his father' s last will to disperse his ashes over Buinichskoye Field outside Mogilev (Belarus)

Education Minister Andrei Fursenko at the opening of the National August Internet- Pedagogical Council (Pedsovet) talked about results of the experiment connected with the imposing of the single state examination that, in the minister' s opinion, should be continued. (8)

The story describes a new very useful book -- the Russian-English Phraseological Dictionary -- that is mainly designed for foreign translators of Russian fiction. (9)

President Putin has signed the bill into law limiting beer advertising. This event can become a unique historic precedent. This law for the first time radically changes state priorities--the emphasis has been made on protecting people' s health rather than big businesses' interests. The story describes how adversely beer affects young people' s health. (11)

The regional public organization " The Community of People Living with HIV/AIDS" on Wednesday announced the launching of an information campaign with a motto " HIV is no Picked up Through Friendship" . The campaign is unique, since it has been developed by the organization that has united HIV-infected people. AIDS victims without finding support from the state and its institutions, are becoming an ever active social force. (11)

KOMMERSANT (28/8/2004)

The Federal Anti-Monopoly Service (FAS) on Friday approved UES-proposed projects of creating a wholesale and 2 territorial generating energy companies. Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov, who also backed the initiative, has instructed the UES Board of Directors to develop a pilot energy company. As for the future prospects of reforming the energy sector, its authors Anatoly Chubais and Viktor Khristenko will have to discuss it with Oleg Deripaska presenting the interests of big industrial buyers of electrical energy. (1, 5)

Chechnya today is to elect its president. The story examines to what extent the republic is ready for such a significant event. (1, 3 Krasnaya Zvezda, 1, 2, Trud, 2)

The Union of Right Forces (SPS) party will elect its leader through a national poll of the party' s members and supporters. Such a decision was made at a session of its Political Council that ended on Thursday evening. Potential candidate should pay to the party' s cash-box 2 million rubles as a registration fee. The poll is scheduled for the spring of 2005. The story comments on the decision. (3)

The Moscow Meshchansky District Court considering the Mikhail Khodorkovsky-Platon Lebedev case on Friday questioned as a witness former leading Menatep bank specialist Konstantin Graudin a participant in the competition to buy 20 percent of shares of Apatit. The story examines his testimony. (4)

The Inter-Departmental Commission that endorses the main and duplicating crews that should train for the upcoming flight to the International Space Station on the spaceship Soyuz TMA-5" held a session in the Federal Cosmic Agency on Friday. St. Petersburg businessman Sergei Polonsky was not allowed to fly, and his place was given to 44-year-old Lieutenant-Colonel Yury Shargin. , who will go to the Station as a Flight Engineer sat the state expense. (4)

The Commission of the Federal Anti-Monopoly Service Krasnoyarsky Regional Board on Friday found Yukos-affiliated structures guilty of violating the anti-monopoly legislation' s article on forming prices on the region' s fuel market. The story examines the commission' s decision. (5)

The US recently created Book-Keeping Public Companies Accountancy Control Council on Thursday presented its first inspection operational report on the performance of auditing companies. The story examines the report, focusing on its conclusions. (5)

The Central Bank (CB) on Friday rejected the Rossiya Association of Regional Banks' proposal to cancel the demand for a daily observance by banks of normatives. The story reveals the essence of the proposal and the reason behind CB' rejection. (5)

The television channels' advertising profit in the first 6 months increased by 36 percent as compared with the figure for the same period last year. This was stated by Andrei Safronov, Director-General of the National Association of Teleradio Broadcasters. Brief. (6)

The forecast of the USA' s economic growth in 2005 has been lowered down to 3. 2 percent from the formerly expected 3. 7 percent. This was stated by Lehman Brothers economists. Brief. (6)

Norilsk Nickel (NN) and the Finnish Kvaerner Masa-Yards Inc. ship-building company on Friday signed a contract on building a 70- million euro container-ship. This was stated by NN press service chief Yelena Shcherbinina, revealing her company' s plans. Brief. (6)

According to reports from Rosvetnadzor, Russian specialists have completed their inspection of cattle-breeding enterprises in EU member-states since May 1, 2004. Only 50 percent of them, however, may export their produce to Russia. Brief. (6)

Lithuania, starting Sept. 3, will raise by 15 percent tariffs on railway oil and fuel lubricants transit in the Kaliningrad direction. This was stated by Oleg Shlyk, Vice-Governor of the Kaliningrad Region. Brief. (6)

All 23 functioning underground gas storehouses of Gazprom will be passed over on a long-term lease to a new specialized company up to 2008. This was stated by Alexander Ananenkov, Gazprom Acting Chairman of the Management Board. Brief. (6)

NEZAVISIMAYA GAZETA (27/8-28/8/2004)

Pope John Paul II believes that he will be hosted in Russia thanks to the return of the copy of the icon of the Kazan Mother of God from the Vatican to Russia. The story features the history of the icon and its return to Russia. (1, 2)

The Committee 2000 " Free Choice" will hold its regular session on Aug. 30. Yabloko party deputy leader Sergei Ivanenko, co-Chairman of Free Choice, and another co-Chairman Boris Nemtsov, spoke about what the Committee did during the two months of the summer vacations. (2)

The Council of Europe and the Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe have refused to send to Chechnya their observers of the presidential elections in the republic on Aug. 29. (2)

Analysts say that the dollar by the end of the year can cost almost 30 rubles. Three influential financiers share their views on the fate of the dollar. (3)

The gvt has determined how much money it could lend next year to foreign states. The ceiling of credits to foreign countries, their companies and also general investments outside Russia in 2005 will not exceed $641. 69 million. This money has already been planned by the federal budget-2005. The story examines how the gvt tried to change the essence of crediting. (3)

Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin at the latest gvt session spoke about the draft budget-2005, about the outflow of capital and about his disagreements with Agriculture Minister Alexei Gordeyev. The story examines his pronouncements. (3)

In an interview Kremlin- backed presidential candidate Alu Alkhanov talks about a complicated situation in his republic and his priority tasks today. Several people who know Alu Alkhanov well tell several little -known interesting facts from his biography (5)ROSSIISKAYA GAZETA (28/8/2004)

At his meeting with Education Minister Andrei Fursenko on Friday, President Putin raised the issue concerning a flexible schedule of school vacations and a postponement of the beginning of schooling to a later date, especially in the north of the country. Fursenko agreed with the president' s initiative and said that his ministry has already begun to prepare such an experiment. The story reveals the essence of the issue, focusing on several views. (1, 2, MK, 2)

The gvt will provide one- time material aid to the families that have lost their members in the aviation tragedy on Aug. 24. The decision was made by Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov. The story comments on the decision. (2)

Several top state officials have been arrested in Krasnodar on charges of abusing power and corruption. The story gives details. (3)

Yevgeny Gontmakher, seniour research associate and leader of the Center for Social Studies and Innovations, reveals the essence of the gvt social policy, focusing on the social insurance system. (3)

The Central Bank on Thursday submitted to the State Duma a draft of the Guidelines of the single state monetary- crediting policy in 2005, the main document that will determine the policy of financial authorities. In an interview Central Bank First Deputy Head Alexei Ulyukayev examines the document' s main provisions. (3)

Chief oncologist Valery Chissov, Director of the Hertzen Oncological Institute, which he has been heading for 25 years. In an interview he talks about his institute, about its latest achievements in treating cancer and about its plans. (4)

Not long before the parliamentary elections in Belarus, its authorities are removing their political opponents-- such a conclusion has been made by independent human rights activists after the first round of the election race. A UN working group to check preliminary detainments visited Belarus several days ago, and authorities did not allow it to meet highly-regarded Belarussian policy-maker Mikhail Marinich in a KGB pre-trial detention center. The story details his case. (4)

In a far-ranging interview Maxim Topilin, head of the Federal Labour and Employment Service, talks about the alternative civil service (its first results) , about reserves of increasing wages, about foreign work force and about wage arrears. (5)


What is happening to public consciousness in the conditions of chronically repeating emergency situations? In an interview Yury Levada, Director of the Analytical Center, answers this question, focusing on results of the latest opinion polls. (3)

The story features the pre-election situation in Chechnya that in a very complicated situation is rehabilitating the economy and building a new peaceful life. The lion' s share of work in restoring the republic has been placed on Economic development Minister German Gref, who will monitor the work of the Chechen gvt. The latter should receive the functions of the single of rehabilitating Chechnya. (4)

The Congress of the American Republican Party is expected to open in New York on Aug. 30. The story examines results of the first term of presidency of George W. Bush. (5)

Yevgeny Komarov, former governor of the Murmansk region, and Grigory Rzheshevsky, deputy chief of the board of accounting obligations and control over their fulfillment by the Federal Property Department, have been questioned as witnesses this year in the Moscow Meshchansky District Court that is considering the Mikhail Khodorkovsky -Platon Lebedev criminal case. The storyxamines their testimony. (7)

Dmitry Oreshkin, head of the Merkator Analytical Group of the Geography Institute, assures that the draft budget-2005 signed by Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov does not correspond to long-term aims set forth by the president two years ago. Thus, in the middle of his first term of presidency, Putin promised not to increase military expenses. The author takes a critical look at Putin' s promises and present reality. (9)

Billionaire George Soros has declared war on George W. Bush. He hopes to topple the present president with the help of money and Messianism. The story reveals Soros' financial and political plans. (11)

The story offers a political portrait of Economic Development Minister German Gref, who early this week allowed himself a harsh verbal exchange with Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov. Will Greg ' s resignation follow the conflict? (12)

Highly-regarded writer and feature journalist Grigory Baklanov has completed his new book of memoirs. Among its unknown and known heroes is Alexander Solzhenitsyn. In an interview Baklanov among other things talks about a chapter (posted in the Internet) that is devoted to Solzhenitsyn. (16)


Presidential representative in the Federal Privolzhsky District Sergei Kiriyenko at the international auto show on Aug. 27, gave his assessment to the situation in the whole domestic auto sector. And at a news conference of the RusPromAvto company he spokes about essential results of domestic auto-makers over the past 3 years. The story examines Kiriyenko' s assessment. (5)

First Deputy Moscow Mayor Lyudmila Shevtsova, head of the Moscow Social Sphere Department, at a news conference on Aug 25, talked about how Moscow is preparing to mark its birthday on Sept. 4 and 5. The story offers a detailed celebration program. (5, Tverskaya, 13, p. 7)

Lyubov Kezina, head of the Moscow Education Department, said what is awaiting school children in a new school year. She talked about text-books, about children' s health program, about new schools and boarding-schools, about the single state examination and about teachers. (6)

The National Honey Fair opened in the " Kolomenskoyer" Museum-Reserve on Aug. 28, and it will work until Oct. 5. About 700 best bee-keepers from 60 regions will take part. The story describes the event. (7)


The story examines a secret plan of Georgia' s military operation in South Ossetia. " The suppression of the unruly autonomy" can begin in a couple of days. A map. (1, 4)

Seventy war veterans living in the Moscow Central District will receive apartments on the occasion of the City Day scheduled for Sept. 4 and 5. (1)

As much as 2 billion 84 million rubles and $15 million 525, 000 was allocated from the federal budget in 2001-2004 for training Olympians, The promised prize money is not included. (2)

A special commission for rehabilitating political represssion victims has been created under the president. The brief looks at its tasks. (2)

In the League of Champions' soccer championship, oligarch' s two soccer teams -- Chelsea and CSKA-- will have to play against each other. The story describes an unpleasant situation for the oligarch. (2, Komsomolskaya Praavda, 19)