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. Last Updated: 07/27/2016

Poll Shows Hypocrisy on Piracy

Three out of every four Muscovites have bought pirated goods within the last two years -- but didn't approve of it, according to a survey released Wednesday.

Only 7 percent of the 2,000 consumers polled in Moscow and Samara said they had never seen pirated goods and 90 percent said they had a negative view of the practice.

The survey, conducted by Interactive Research Group and commissioned by the Coalition for Intellectual Property Rights, showed consumers are more likely to forgive music and video pirates than bootleggers of alcohol and medicine.

Around 80 percent of those polled said counterfeit medicine, food and alcohol were "absolutely unacceptable."

But consumers are much easier on clothing and sportswear pirates. Just 34 percent said the practice was absolutely unacceptable while a full 22 percent said just the opposite, calling it "absolutely acceptable."

Counterfeited music and film is unacceptable for 47 percent of respondents while almost 30 percent think it is "absolutely acceptable."

More than half of those polled could identify which brands are most often faked -- naming Adidas, Nike, Reebok, Kristall and Nescafe. Thirty-five percent named Noshpa, Analgin, UPSA Aspirin and Validol as the most commonly faked drugs.

Comparing Moscow with the regions, "We found attitudes and behavior in Samara, a typical industrial city in central Russia, to be completely consistent with Moscow," IRS research director Tatyana Veretinova said.

Fifty-one percent of those polled said they had encountered fake clothing, footwear and sportswear; 47 percent had come across bootleg alcohol and 46 percent said they had seen counterfeit food.

Thirty-seven percent had encountered pirated music and film products and 31 percent reported a similar experience with medicine. Meanwhile, 24 percent said they had seen faked soft drinks for sale and 23 percent had seen counterfeit tobacco products.

Forty-five percent of those polled had purchased fakes at open markets, while 22 percent pointed to "small shops" and 14 percent said they bought items at kiosks and street vendors. Only 6.5 percent thought that hypermarkets, supermarkets and department stores stocked bootlegged goods.

"The findings illustrate the tough dilemma facing the software, recording, apparel and sportswear industries," CIPR's president Peter Necarsulmer said.

Consumers said the low income of the average household, combined with high prices on genuine goods, easy profits with little risk of punishment to counterfeiters, weak anti-counterfeiting laws and the lack of effective law enforcement stoked the continuing rise in counterfeits.

Asked to identify who is responsible for solving the problem, 67 percent named state and regional authorities. Three quarters of respondents believe organized crime is behind the counterfeiting, and one in three said counterfeiting is linked with terrorist groups.