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. Last Updated: 07/27/2016

Kozak Outlines Plans for Police Overhaul

As part of a larger effort to redistribute power among federal, regional and local government, deputy presidential chief of staff Dmitry Kozak has laid out plans for restructuring the Interior Ministry, including the creation of municipal police forces and guaranteed federal budget funds to run them.

"The existing law on police distinctly highlights the unresolved problems of federalism and local self-government," Kozak told the Izvestia newspaper in an interview published Wednesday.

A working group headed by Kozak has developed draft legislation under which the ministry would be broken down into four parts: federal police, municipal police, a federal investigations service and a national guard.

The federal police would combat such nationwide problems as economic and general crime, migration issues, policing the roads and public safety at events held "on a federal level," a source familiar with the plan said Wednesday. The municipal police -- a new institution nationwide -- would be responsible for local issues such as patroling the streets and ensuring security at stadiums or other crowded venues.

The investigations service and national guard would more or less retain the functions of the ministry's existing investigative committee and interior troops, respectively.

One purpose of the reform is to meet the demands of the Constitution, which says that local self-government is responsible for ensuring public order, Kozak said. A second aim is to reroute funding through the federal budget, thereby stopping regional leaders from exerting undue influence on local police, the source familiar with the plan said.

Two bills included in Kozak's broader government reform program, due to be implemented by 2005, are to be considered Thursday by the Cabinet and regional governors heading the president's advisory State Council.