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. Last Updated: 07/27/2016

Winter War Marked




HELSINKI, Finland -- Finns on Monday marked the 60th anniversary of a truce that ended 105 days of fierce fighting against the Red Army in the Winter War, possibly one of the coldest in history.


Finland lost, but resistance against the Soviet war machine helped secure its independence in post-war Europe.


Some 23,000 Finnish soldiers were killed, and 45,000 wounded, in a population of 3.7 million.


The Soviet Union put its losses at 217,500 dead or wounded, but Finland estimated enemy casualties at up to 400,000. Many died of cold, with temperatures dipping as low as minus 45 degrees Celsius. The extreme weather caused frostbite and hallucinations that forced a drop in guard duty from two hours to 30 minutes.