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. Last Updated: 07/27/2016

National Security Doctrine Stresses Multipolar World




Acting President Vladimir Putin has shifted the focus of Russia's national security doctrine so that it focuses more on the fight against terrorism and the notion of a multipolar world, his press service said Wednesday.


Putin signed the decree on altering the National Security Concept last week, but the actual alterations were not made public until now.


The new document says that Russia will promote a so-called multipolar world by strengthening the economic and political positions of various countries. The formula first took shape during the later years of former President Boris Yeltsin's tenure, when Russia wanted to counter what it has described as U.S. domination of global affairs and attempts to build a "unipolar world."


It has tried to develop close cooperation with such regional powers as China and India to serve as an example of local power centers not dependent on the United States.


The new doctrine stresses the need to improve multinational oversight of international political developments, primarily under United Nations sponsorship.


In recent years, Russia's relations with the United States and other Western nations have been strained by controversy over NATO's expansion, NATO's bombing of Yugoslavia, Russia's war in breakaway Chechnya and other disputes.


The revised document also sets out the role of nuclear weapons to defend national security. Russia "must possess nuclear forces that can guarantee the infliction of intended damage to an aggressor state or coalition," the document says.


Still, it stresses that nuclear arms can be used only if all other means of resolving a crisis are exhausted.


The doctrine describes terrorism, and especially international terrorism, as a serious threat to Russia's security. "An open [terrorist] campaign has been unleashed to destabilize the situation in Russia," it said in reference to Chechen separatists.