Get the latest updates as we post them — right on your browser

. Last Updated: 07/27/2016

Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich

NAME: Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich

BORN: Feb. 1, 1931, in Butko, Sverdlovsk Region, UralsEDUCATION:

Urals Polytechnical Institute, Sverdlovsk, Department of Civil Engineering, graduated 1955


1955-63: engineer, Sverdlovsk.

1963-68: chief engineer, Sverdlovsk housing construction brigade.

1968-76: secretary of Sverdlovsk Party Committee, chief of construction department.

1976-85: first secretary of Sverdlovsk Region Communist Party Committee.

1985-87: first secretary of Moscow Communist Party Committee.

1987-90: lost his job as Moscow party boss after a battle with Mikhail Gorbachev over reforms, served as first Deputy Chairman of State Construction Committee.

1989-90: member of the Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union.

1990-91: chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation.

1991-present: president of the Russian Federation.

AWARDS AND ACHIEVEMENTS: Order of Lenin, Order of Red Banner for Labor (twice), Badge of Honor,

Order of the Cavalier of the Great Cross (Italy),

International Literary Prize Capri-90 for autobiography



Political parties: member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union 1961-90 (candidate member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1986-88), joined Inter-Regional Group of Deputies in Congress of People's Deputies, but has since then avoided party affiliation;

Military affairs: war in Chechnya 1994-?; blew up White House in October 1993; used tank as rostrum defending White House in August 1991; (military rank: colonel);

Sports: keen tennis player, former coach of Sverdlovsk women's volleyball team, also tried skiing, gymnastics, decathlon, boxing and wrestling;

Other interests: recreational drinking, occasional night swimming, dancing at rock concerts.

N.B.: lost left thumb and first finger playing with a hand-grenade as a child.