Get the latest updates as we post them — right on your browser

. Last Updated: 07/27/2016

Yavlinsky, Grigory Alekseyevich

NAME: Yavlinsky, Grigory


BORN: April 10, 1952,

in Lvov, UkraineEDUCATION:

1968-69: attended night school

1969-76: undergraduate and graduate studies at Moscow's Plekhanov Institute in the Scientific Research Institute of Labor of People's Economy, (under well-known economist Leonid Abalkin)

1978: Doctor of economics, (Dissertation theme: "Improvement of the division of labor of workers in the chemical industry.")


1968-69: left school in ninth grade and worked as a metal worker-electrician.

1976-77: senior engineer at the All-Union Coal Industry Scientific-Research Institute.

1977-80: senior scientific worker.

1980-84: sector manager at the Scientific Research Institute of Labor of the State Committee of Labor and Social Problems (Goskomtrud),rising to head of a directorate at Goskomtrud.

1984-85: put on forced leave "for tuberculosis" after writing a paper called "Problems with improving the economic mechanism in the U.S.S.R."

1986: prepared legislation on state enterprises which was turned down for being too liberal.

1989: department head of the Soviet government's State Commission on Economic Reform; picked for this post by Abalkin, then deputy premier of the Soviet Union.

1990: proposed a plan for market reforms called "The 400 Days Plan;" became Chairman of State Commission on Economic Reform and a deputy premier.

1990: the program, now under the name "500 Days," gained the support of Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and Russian President Boris Yeltsin; working group for plan set up under economist Stanislav Shatalin, but it was eventually rejected.

1991: economic adviser to the Russian premier; proposed another reform program developed in conjunction with Harvard University, but Gorbachev rejected it.

1992-93: director of EPIcenter think-tank, developed an economic reform plan for Nizhny Novogorod region. Criticized Yeltsin's disbanding of Soviet-era Supreme Soviet September 1993, but supported forceful repression of Oct. 3-4 opposition rebellion.

1993-6: leader of "Yabloko" bloc with former Ambassador to the United States Vladimir Lukin and crime-fighter Yury Boldyrev. Yabloko placed fourth in 1995 elections.

LANGUAGES: Russian, English

INTERESTS: Married, with two sons; has not had a vacation for 10 years

N.B.: Following the August 1991 putsch, went with police and found bodies of coup leader Boris Pugo and his wife, who had committed suicide in their home.