. Last Updated: 07/27/2016

Salaries Surveyed

In a survey conducted in mid-October 1996 by VTsIOM, the All-Russian Center for Public Opinion Research, roughly 1,400 Muscovites were asked the question: "What was the per-person financial income of your family for the past month? (Combine all earnings with main and supplementary jobs, incomes from personal business, pensions, stipends, material support and other incomes, and divide this by the number of family members, including children.)"


The average per-capita income of the Muscovites polled was 834,200 rubles [about $150] per month....


Six percent received up to 200,000 rubles. This income is most characteristic of unqualified workers, unemployed [people], and, on the whole, for women, people [of the age range] 40 to 55 years, with less than a secondary education and who voted in the second round of presidential elections for [Gennady] Zyuganov or against both candidates. ...


From 600,000 to 800,000 rubles is the per capita income of 16 percent of qualified workers, specialists, the military and, on the whole, women, people of the ages 25 to 40 with a secondary education and who voted against both [presidential candidates] or for [Boris] Yeltsin. ...


One-half percent of those surveyed get 1.6 million to 1.8 million rubles, 3 percent get 1.8 million to 2 million rubles, and 6 percent receive more than 2 million rubles. These were all managers and directors, workers in commercial structures, entrepreneurs, and, on the whole, people with a higher education and younger than 40.