The Arctic ice shelf has melted for the fourth straight year to its smallest area in a century, driven by rising temperatures that appear linked to a buildup of greenhouse gases, U.S. scientists said on Wednesday.
NEW YORK -- Should the United States remove Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, it must also convince citizens of Iraq and surrounding countries it does not want to control the nation's oil, U.S. energy experts said Wednesday. ""The widely held view that the campaign against Iraq is driven by an American wish to 'steal' or at least control Iraqi oil,"" must be refuted in order to rehabilitate the nation's hobbled oil industry, said a report by the James Baker Institute at Rice University and the Council on Foreign Relations. Iraq sits on top of the world's second-largest oil reserves, but two wars, first with neighboring Iran and then with a U.S.-led coalition, and a decade of sanctions have withered its oil infrastructure and official exports. This year, Iraq's official oil exports have averaged just 1.25 million barrels per day, according to the United Nations, down from pre-1990s exports of under 3 million bpd.