BP Loses Again in Arctic Deal to ExxonMobil

wikipedia.orgDrillers could soon outnumber polar bears in Russias resource rich north.

BP, which lost its first deal to drill for oil inRussia's Arctic to ExxonMobil, tried to negotiate a new deal with Russian state oil company Rosneft and was again beaten to the punch by its U.S. rival.

Under a deal last month, ExxonMobil won access to the Arctic Laptev Sea fields, where Rosneft’s prospective reserves amount to 36 billion barrels of oil equivalent. But three industry sources saidBPhad also been in talks with Rosneft to explore several blocks there.

Setbacks have become the norm forBP's activities inRussia, where it formed a joint venture,TNK-BP, in 2003 by pooling its assets with those of four Soviet-born billionaires. It is currently selling out of that troubled venture to Rosneft.

TNK-BPbecame a battle of wills between the British firm and the tycoons, who blockedBP's first attempt to form an Arctic exploration deal with Rosneft, a deal that BPexecutives had compared to the opening of a new North Sea.

Having negotiated that venture, which the tycoons said was in breach of theTNK-BPagreement,BPhad to step aside and watch ExxonMobil take the spoils in 2011.

Now Rosneft prefers ExxonMobil for the Laptev fields, even thoughBPwill become a significant shareholder of Rosneft in April and name two directors to its board as part of the takeover ofTNK-BP.

The government even offered BP CEO Bob Dudley a seat on the board at state-controlled Rosneft, headed by Igor Sechin, an influential ally of PresidentVladimir Putin.

BPand Rosneft were unable to respond immediately to a request for comment.

BP was left a bystander as a rush for Arctic drilling deals got under way.Italy'sEniandNorway'sStatoilhave also struck partnerships with Rosneft, trading technology and capital for access to tens of billions of barrels of prospective offshore Arctic reserves.

The $55 billion cash-and-share deal to sellTNK-BPto Rosneft, freeingBPfrom its fractious partnership and making it a 20 percent shareholder in Rosneft, appeared to promise a second shot at an exploration deal with Rosneft.

Sechin said Rosneft would remain interested in upstream projects with the British major after the takeover, "which we will develop withBPas a partner, not as a shareholder."

Now, out of nearly 30 Arctic license areas held by Rosneft, all but five have been parceled out in upstream joint ventures with other companies, leaving slim pickings forBP.

The loss of the Laptev blocks to ExxonMobil, coupled with concerns aboutBP's role in the integration ofTNK-BP, prompted Dudley to fly toMoscowin the middle of February, the sources said.

"Dudley came toMoscowto try to salvage the situation," a source said.

Another source said Dudley met Sechin, the architect of Rosneft's foreign upstream partnerships.

The loss of the Laptev Sea acreage is an indication of the difficult path still ahead for Dudley, who as CEO ofTNK-BPwas driven out ofRussiain a struggle for control of that venture.

Influential Exxon

Sechin himself, at pains to indicate that the conflict-ridden days ofTNK-BPwould end with the takeover, has sought to show that Rosneft can work with Dudley, who was nominated to its board by the government.

But in a sign of the differing roles forBPand ExxonMobil at Rosneft,Vedomosti reported Monday that as a state appointee, Dudley would have to vote by government directive on major issues, such as large deals and key appointments.

By contrast, ExxonMobil's top financial official, Donald Humphreys, has been nominated as an independent and as such can decide for himself how to vote, Vedomostisaid. The report could not be immediately confirmed.

More broadly, it is unclear what rights, if any,BPwill have in managing an expanded Rosneft, while a senior ExxonMobil executive, Zeljko Runje, was plucked from theMoscowoffice and made a vice president at Rosneft at Sechin's behest.

Although a few senior managers with ties toBPremain atTNK-BPafter a purge of Western executives in a 2008 conflict betweenBPand its local partners, Sechin is unlikely to move them to Rosneft.

"He doesn't know any of them," one of the sources said.

Arctic Access

Rosneft's sudden decision to expand its Arctic drilling venture with ExxonMobil may have been intended to protect its own access to Arctic reserves.

It followed a media report citing a Natural Resources and Environment Ministry presentation that suggested state companies' exploration plans were not aggressive enough.

The ministry, responsible for licensing access to mineral reserves, was lobbying to expand access toRussia's offshore fields to private companies over protests from Rosneft and state gas company Gazprom, which had held exclusive rights.

Sources close toBP say it will have an indirect share of Rosneft's upstream ventures with rivals through its 20 percent holding in Rosneft once the buyout ofBP and its partners is finalized at the beginning of April.