U.S. Missile Blasts Toxic Satellite

HONOLULU -- A U.S. Navy cruiser blasted a disabled spy satellite with a pinpoint missile strike that achieved the main mission of exploding a tank of toxic fuel 210 kilometers above the Pacific Ocean, defense officials said.

Destroying the satellite's onboard tank of about 450 kilograms of hydrazine fuel was the primary goal, and a senior defense official close to the mission said Thursday that it appears the tank was destroyed, and the strike with a specially designed missile was a complete success.

U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates ordered the shootdown, which came late Wednesday as he began an eight-day, around-the-world trip on which he likely will face questions about the mission.

The elaborate intercept may trigger worries from some international leaders, who could see it as a thinly disguised attempt to test an anti-satellite weapon -- one that could take out other nations' orbiting communications and spy spacecraft.

Within hours of the reported success, China said it was on the alert for possible harmful fallout from the shootdown and urged Washington promptly to release data on the event.

"China is continuously following closely the possible harm caused by the U.S. action to outer-space security and relevant countries," Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Jianchao said at a news conference in Beijing. "China requests the United States to fulfill its international obligations in real earnest and provide to the international community necessary information and relevant data in a timely and prompt way so that the relevant countries can take precautions."

While Pentagon officials stressed that the satellite strike was a one-time incident, it certainly will spin off massive amounts of data and research that can be studied by the military as it works to improve its missile defense technologies.

Officials had expressed cautious optimism that the missile would hit the bus-sized satellite, but they were less certain of hitting the smaller, more worrisome fuel tank.

In a statement released after the satellite was shot, the Pentagon said, "Confirmation that the fuel tank has been fragmented should be available within 24 hours." But a short time later, several defense officials close to the situation said it appeared the fuel tank was hit. One said observers saw what appeared to be an explosion. Those officials spoke on condition of anonymity because the results had not been formally documented at the time they spoke.

Because the satellite was orbiting at a relatively low altitude when it was hit by the missile, debris will begin to re-enter the Earth's atmosphere immediately, the Pentagon statement said.

"Nearly all of the debris will burn up on re-entry within 24 to 48 hours and the remaining debris should re-enter within 40 days," it said.

Gates approved the missile launch, while en route from Washington to Hawaii. Within nine hours the USS Lake Erie fired the SM-3 missile originally designed to knock down incoming missiles rather than orbiting satellites.

It hit the satellite about three minutes later as the spacecraft traveled in polar orbit at more than 27,000 kilometers per hour.

The Lake Erie and two other Navy warships, as well as the missile and other components, were modified in a hurry-up project started in January. The missile alone cost nearly $10 million, and officials estimated that the total cost of the project was at least $30 million.

The operation was so extraordinary, with such intense international publicity and political ramifications, that Gates -- not a military commander down the chain of command -- made the decision to pull the trigger.

Admiral Timothy J. Keating, chief of U.S. Pacific Command, told reporters shortly before the strike that he made calls to a number of international leaders to alert them to the mission. He said none said they had concerns, but he acknowledged he did not speak to the Chinese.

China and Russia both expressed concerns about the shootdown in advance, saying it could harm security in outer space.