Belarussian Editor Gets Jail Time

MINSK -- Belarus on Friday jailed for three years an editor of an independent newspaper that reproduced cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad that first appeared in Denmark in 2005 and caused mass demonstrations across the Muslim world.

The 12 cartoons portraying the founder of Islam, including one showing the prophet with a bomb in his turban, outraged Muslims who saw them as blasphemous. More than 50 people died in protests across the world the following year.

President Alexander Lukashenko ordered the newspaper -- Zgoda, or Consensus -- shut in March 2006, after an investigation by the state security service, calling the publication of the cartoon "a provocation against the state.'' The security service, still known by its Soviet-era name, the KGB, began an investigation after Muslims in the ex-Soviet state complained.

Former deputy editor Alexander Sdvizhkov was sentenced to three years in jail in a closed session of the court for inciting religious and national hatred.

"May God and the holy cross be with us," Sdvizhkov said afterward. His lawyer said he would appeal.

Muslims constitute about 2 or 3 percent of the 10 million residents of the country, wedged between Russia and three members of the European Union. The Muslim community had called for leniency in the case.

Miklos Haraszti, media freedom representative for the 56-nation Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, protested Sdvizhkov's jailing, calling the case against him "shocking" and saying he should be freed.

"Persecution of journalists for trying to inform the public on important issues is a misuse of hate speech laws," Haraszti said in a statement from Vienna. "In fact, the Belarus government has used the international controversy around the cartoons as a pretext to eliminate a critical voice from public life."

Lukashenko is accused by the West of ruling the country with an iron grip, jailing opponents, shutting down independent media and rigging polls, including his own re-election to a third term in 2006.